Glaucoma: The Three Leading Types And How They’re Treated

Posted by: Missouri Eye Institute in Blog on October 31, 2017

types of glaucoma

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the United States, second only to cataracts, and has been known to affect up to 3 million Americans and many more who go undiagnosed. Glaucoma is caused by an increase in fluid in the eye, which becomes blocked and puts pressure on the optic nerve. The result is pain, blurred or hazy vision, and sometimes headaches. However, many Americans with glaucoma experience no symptoms at all.

Types of glaucoma

Depending on your family history, some people are more at risk for glaucoma than others. Those with a history of an irregular heart rhythm, those over the age of 60, and those with a family history of glaucoma are more likely to suffer from glaucoma. However, simply because you aren’t considered at risk doesn’t mean that glaucoma can’t affect you.

There are three main types of glaucoma. These types include:

Glaucoma treatment

Fortunately, once glaucoma is detected, it can be treated immediately to help prevent a progression of the disease and any further eye damage. However, because damage already caused by glaucoma can’t be reversed, early detection is key. Therefore, it’s essential to receive regular check-ups from your eye doctor.

Common treatments for glaucoma include:

In the U.S. alone, 9% to 12% of all glaucoma cases lead to blindness. However, with early detection, glaucoma can be treatable and eye damage and vision can be preserved. Talk to an eye doctor today about your risk for glaucoma and how you can maintain your vision.


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